Types of Camera on the basis of function and feature

Types of Camera on the basis of function and feature

Learning level: - Basic
Learning time: - 25 minutes

There are so many types of camera in the market but here I’d like to explain 3 major types of camera. Every camera has so many different functions and features, other side they have some common function too. Camera is used to take photograph of millionth subject. Now a day, worldwide people are using camera as they need. To solve such kinds of needs, Camera manufacture companies have made so many types of cameras. Here is a brief description about 3 major types of camera.  

DSLR Camera

Camera photos: Purushottam Pokharel

DSLR is an abbreviation of Digital Single Lens Reflex. DSLR cameras are used in professional work in photography. They have so many advance and pro-level features for professional use. If any person is seeking photography as commercial work he/she should have at least one or two DSLR cameras. DSLR camera has larger image sensor that produce high quality digital image. High quality image is very necessary in commercial work for print media.

DSLR cameras have a single lens attached in it, so these types of camera can be detached body and lens separately.  The main advantage of the DSLR cameras is the ability of change different types of lenses as need different kinds of photographs.  Secondly, they have manual exposure mode that provides more control to produce finer and better quality images than compact cameras.  Thirdly, all DSLRs have ‘Hot shoe’, a socket on a camera with direct electrical contacts to attach external flash light. Hot shoe is one of most necessary feature for professional use which cannot have on compact cameras. Having so much advance and pro-level features, DSLRs are very expensive than compact and Bridge cameras. Nikon D7200, NikonD5500, Canon 7D, Canon 600D and Sony a77 are examples of DSLR camera. 

Compact Camera

Camera photos source: bestbuy.com 

Compact camera cannot use in professional work because they haven’t advance and pro-level features which are very necessary in commercial photography. Compacts have a small image sensor than DSLRs so they cannot produce high quality image as DSLRs. Compact cameras have less features and ultra compact size than DSLRs. Most of compacts do not have manual exposure mode like in DSLRs. They are normally built in automatic exposure mode, but some new models have manual exposure feature too.

Compacts have a small diameter lens attached which cannot be detached from body. The default lens usually has 4 to 10x zoom and narrow range in Aperture function. Moreover, they do not have ‘Hot shoe’ for external flash light, instead it they have a small built-in flash. Most compacts come in small size and light weight so they fit in pocket easily. Having only auto exposure mode and fewer features than DSLRs, compacts cannot useful for professional photographers but they are very user-friendly and easy to use for enthusiast and beginners in photography. People can simply power on the camera, point to the direction where the object to be photographed and compose the scene with zoom angle then click the shutter release button, camera sets rest all settings automatically in optimum level itself. Having fewer features and easy to take photographs just pointing and click compact, these types of camera also known as ‘Point and Shoot’ camera. They are very much cheaper than DSLRs. Nikon Coolpix A10, Nikon Coolpix S3700, Canon IXUS 165, Canon Powershot D30 and Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W800 are examples of Compact camera. 

Bridge Camera

bridge camera

Camera photos source: bestbuy.com 

Bridge camera also known as Super zoom camera, Advanced compact camera, Advanced Digital camera and Hybrid camera. They come in different sizes and shapes, some are smaller and lighter as compact cameras but some have similar shape and larger as DSLRs. The main difference between bridge cameras and basic compact camera is that they have more controls on exposure settings. Bridge cameras have full auto exposure mode to semi auto exposure mode like Aperture priority, shutter priority and program mode. Another benefit is, they have a manual exposure mode that allows the photographers to get correct exposure than auto modes.

Unlike DSLRs, The lens on bridge cameras is ‘fixed’. The default lens cannot be removed and replace with other lens like on DSLRs. Keeping this in mind, camera manufacturers have already attached long zoom range lens. They might be minimum 20x to 50x zoom lens. Most of default lens provides 27mm wide angle to 450mm tele focal length so these types of camera also known as super zoom camera. Having a default super zoom lens, photographers do not need to buy and carry extra lenses. Another benefit of having default super zoom lens, there is no chance of getting dust on the sensor when changing lens.

Most bridge cameras have a smaller image sensor and a small diameter lens than ones used in DSLRs. However some has bigger lens and image sensor than normal bridge cameras so those types camera also known as Hybrid camera. Some bridge cameras have hot shoes feature for external flash and other useful features as in DSLRs. Bridge camera are cheaper than DSLRs and a bit expensive than compacts in the market. These types of camera also not useful for commercial photography but very suitable for personal or small home business, such as web basis business, reporter, journalists, small product business, family function etc.  Nikon Coolpix B700, Nikon Coolpix P900, Canon PowerShot SX540 HS, Canon PowerShot G3 X, Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H400 and Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ200 are examples of Bridge camera. 

Ruman Shrestha

Ruman Shrestha

Hello! Professionally I’m photographer, Photoshoper, Illustrator and graphic designer. I had taken photography training with Photojournalism in 1996. I’m self-learned Photoshoper and Illustrator. I'm fully freelancer. I love to learn new tools of Photoshop and Illustrator then create various kinds of artwork and vector graphics in my free time. On long days vacation, I would like to travel and trek high-altitude area to celebrate my leisure time. I’ve deep interest in Nature photography. Landscape and Wildlife are my favorite subjects. Moreover, I like also birding and bird’s photography. I'm general member of 'Bird Conservation Nepal' too. I am the founder of TutsGallery. I’ve founded this website to share my knowledge and experience to new generation in photography. I hope, you’ll like this. If you also like to contribute such kind of knowledge and experience, I request you, start from today and contact me. Let’s enjoy photographing!

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